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Jazz History with Websites

Outline of Jazz History with Video Sites

History of Jazz Styles


Pre-Jazz (1850 - 1900)

          Spirituals, work songs, field hollers…. Then blues

field hollers…narration in French (nothing still in English)

Early Jazz (1910s-1920s)

          Hard to define…. Stride piano



          Scott Joplin – classical…. Themes are 16 measures; classical influences



          Bass line with simultaneous counter lines; coronet, clarinet, trombone with rhythm section of banjo, tuba, and drums

          Louis Armstrong; Jelly Roll Morton, Bix Beiderbeck, King Oliver

King Oliver…with pictures and posters


Early New Orleans Dixieland (1900-1917)


ChicagoStyle Dixieland (The 1920s) Louis Armstrong and role of soloist

Armstrong plays Tiger Rag.


Tin Pan Alley (1920s)

          Era song writing…. Publishers published common songs for everyone…. Lots of styles…basis for improvisation…


Boogie-Woogie (1930s)

          Piano style based on blues progression

Albert Ammons


Fats Waller…Ain’t Misbehavin


Swing 1930s to 1940

          Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Art Tatum (piano)

Art Tatum plays Dvorak (live)

Art Tatum – Yesterdays (amazing)

Art Tatum – live with some narration


Big Band

          10 or more musicians   (has an add before the performance  (Ellington performs  It Don’t Mean a Thing



          Vocal style to imitate instruments – Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong

Ella Fitzgerald…Don’t Mean a Thing…live with scat singing…

Louis Armstrong…Don’t Mean a Thing




          Artistic over commercial; innovation over convention; small groups; musical complexity; not well accepted at the time; Thelonius Monk.

Thelonius Monk (Blue Monk)

Charlie Parker Cherokee


Cool (1947)

          GI Bill funded schooling; softer style, new meters; experimentation; Miles Davis, Lester Young; (White musicians became prominent in this style.)

Miles Davis “Walkin”

Miles Davis, John Coltrane – “So What”



Hard Bop

          Art Blakey, Cannonball Adderly…. More popular, more African American, more audience participation

Art Blakey – drum solo



West Coast

          Dave Brubeck



Free Jazz

          Cecil Taylor, John Coltrane

Cecil Taylor



Bossa Nova

          Brazilian influences; Stan Getz…Girl from Ipanema (no video)



Jazz/Rock Fusion

          Miles Davis, Chick Corea, John McLaughlin – lots of controversy to combine jazz and rock…. Rock was popular



          Wynton Marsalis – return to classic styles


Soul Jazz

          Stanley Turrentine





Acid Jazz


World Fusion


Straight Ahead/Neoclassical

          Wynton Marsalis

Wynton Marsalis…tribute to Armstong


Modern Creative





Miscellaneous Historical Performances


Jimi Hendrix

Purple Haze


 Marian Anderson….My Country Tis of Thee

Lincoln Memorial 1939

Jordan Adams plays Chopin Etude op 25 #10 (one of the most physically demanding pieces…)


I have a Dream


Go Down Moses Paul Robeson

Paul Robeson -- Summertime