Jazz History with Websites

Outline of Jazz History with Video Sites

History of Jazz Styles

 

Pre-Jazz (1850 - 1900)

          Spirituals, work songs, field hollers…. Then blues

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXlCB31i_5U

field hollers…narration in French (nothing still in English)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4td_Zn6G3U

Early Jazz (1910s-1920s)

          Hard to define…. Stride piano

 

Ragtime

          Scott Joplin – classical…. Themes are 16 measures; classical influences

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMAtL7n_-rc

 

Dixieland

          Bass line with simultaneous counter lines; coronet, clarinet, trombone with rhythm section of banjo, tuba, and drums

          Louis Armstrong; Jelly Roll Morton, Bix Beiderbeck, King Oliver

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_WbQYdQty0

King Oliver…with pictures and posters

         

Early New Orleans Dixieland (1900-1917)

         

ChicagoStyle Dixieland (The 1920s) Louis Armstrong and role of soloist

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9LHdvQmpk0M

Armstrong plays Tiger Rag.

 

Tin Pan Alley (1920s)

          Era song writing…. Publishers published common songs for everyone…. Lots of styles…basis for improvisation…

 

Boogie-Woogie (1930s)

          Piano style based on blues progression

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CdoeUfmRoQc

Albert Ammons

 

Fats Waller…Ain’t Misbehavin

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-fVa838Jog

 

Swing 1930s to 1940

          Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Art Tatum (piano)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYcZGPLAnHA

Art Tatum plays Dvorak (live)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9Cs_zb4q14

Art Tatum – Yesterdays (amazing)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JycfQd9nk9M

Art Tatum – live with some narration

 

Big Band

          10 or more musicians   (has an add before the performance  (Ellington performs  It Don’t Mean a Thing

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDQpZT3GhDg

 

Scat

          Vocal style to imitate instruments – Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iVu1i0gjXmo

Ella Fitzgerald…Don’t Mean a Thing…live with scat singing…

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o8qGa4Yh2qs

Louis Armstrong…Don’t Mean a Thing

 

 

BeBop

          Artistic over commercial; innovation over convention; small groups; musical complexity; not well accepted at the time; Thelonius Monk.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmhP1RgbrrY

Thelonius Monk (Blue Monk)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=00ezGLkhw8o&feature=related

Charlie Parker Cherokee

 

Cool (1947)

          GI Bill funded schooling; softer style, new meters; experimentation; Miles Davis, Lester Young; (White musicians became prominent in this style.)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cTfBpKzu6XA

Miles Davis “Walkin”

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P4TbrgIdm0E

Miles Davis, John Coltrane – “So What”

 

         

Hard Bop

          Art Blakey, Cannonball Adderly…. More popular, more African American, more audience participation

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOc_EwdE7Kk

Art Blakey – drum solo

 

 

West Coast

          Dave Brubeck

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwNrmYRiX_o

 

 

Free Jazz

          Cecil Taylor, John Coltrane

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yomesyf8GFY

Cecil Taylor

 

 

Bossa Nova

          Brazilian influences; Stan Getz…Girl from Ipanema (no video)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ealy0P7bicQ&feature=related

 

 

Jazz/Rock Fusion

          Miles Davis, Chick Corea, John McLaughlin – lots of controversy to combine jazz and rock…. Rock was popular

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ot6j7Jf9al0

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6mib7Cbju8&feature=related

 

Neobop

          Wynton Marsalis – return to classic styles

 

Soul Jazz

          Stanley Turrentine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39yWP9FUmsY

 

 

Afro-Latin

 

Acid Jazz

 

World Fusion

 

Straight Ahead/Neoclassical

          Wynton Marsalis

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HSyMcxwz9w4

Wynton Marsalis…tribute to Armstong

 

Modern Creative

 

 

 

 

Miscellaneous Historical Performances

 

Jimi Hendrix

Purple Haze

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hSW67ySCio

 

 Marian Anderson….My Country Tis of Thee

Lincoln Memorial 1939

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAONYTMf2pk&feature=related

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4td_Zn6G3U

Jordan Adams plays Chopin Etude op 25 #10 (one of the most physically demanding pieces…)

 

I have a Dream

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbUtL_0vAJk

 

Go Down Moses Paul Robeson

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtLcELU1brA&feature=related

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7j5CieXP7L8&feature=related

Paul Robeson -- Summertime